Volume 2, Issue 2, April 2013, Page: 64-71
Experimental Sorting of Municipal-Like Waste in the Hospital “Civico”, Palermo (IT)
Salvatore Nicosia, Dept. of Civil, Environmental, Aerospace and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering – University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
Placido Alfredo Lanza, Dept. of Civil, Environmental, Aerospace and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering – University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
Salvatore Prestigiacomo, Consultant Engineer, Palermo, Italy
Rosa Mancuso, Regional Health System, Hospital “Civico and Di Cristina” (ARNAS), Palermo, Italy
Gaspare Viviani, Dept. of Civil, Environmental, Aerospace and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering – University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
Received: Apr. 23, 2013;       Published: May 30, 2013
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajep.20130202.16      View  2849      Downloads  122
Abstract
An experiment of source sorting - based management of Health Care Waste (HCW) was carried out in 2011 in 4 Departments of the Public Hospital “Civico” (Palermo, IT), where the basic mandatory separation between hazardous and non-hazardous waste was already going on since year 2000.The experiment consisted in weighing every day for 15 days 4 predefined fractions collected in the Infirmaries (namely paper, plastics, glass and unsorted fraction), and the bags with unsorted waste from the patient’s stay room. Furthermore, in 1 of the 4 Departments also the boxes of Infectious Waste (IW) were weighed for a week.As a result a weighted average value of 0.56 kg of Municipal-like Waste (MLW) per bed and per day was obtained for the Infirmaries of the 4 Departments (1.89 kg for the whole Department). The potentially recoverable waste fractions of MLW were about 65.7 %, the balance being unsorted waste.The actual production of IW − monitored in just one of the Departments, OU 1− brought to a generation rate of 0.74 kg/bed-day with a range 0.50−1.00. This production represents the 54 % of total waste from that Infirmary but just 34 % of the overall waste stream from the Unit. This pilot experiment confirms the wide finding that IW are a minor part of the overall waste stream produced in a health care structure.
Keywords
Healthcare Waste, Infectious Waste, Municipal-Like Waste, Waste Management, Sorted Waste, Waste Collection
To cite this article
Salvatore Nicosia, Placido Alfredo Lanza, Salvatore Prestigiacomo, Rosa Mancuso, Gaspare Viviani, Experimental Sorting of Municipal-Like Waste in the Hospital “Civico”, Palermo (IT), American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2013, pp. 64-71. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20130202.16
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